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How Cannabis Strains Are Bred and Cultivated

<strong>How Cannabis Strains Are Bred and Cultivated</strong>

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Cannabis has been cultivated for centuries, and it’s come a long way since its early days. Today, there are hundreds of different cannabis strains. And each one has its own set of characteristics. But how exactly are these strains bred and cultivated? Let’s take an in-depth look at the process of cannabis breeding and cultivation. You’ll be amazed at how it has evolved over the years!

The Basics of Breeding

Cannabis strains are bred and cultivated in a variety of ways. Breeding involves selecting the best plants to be used as parent plants. The goal is to produce offspring with the desired traits. To start, growers must choose the parent plants based on their desired traits. For example, traits you consider are yield, aroma, effects, and growth patterns. It’s also important to consider the genetic background of the parent plants. It ensures that the offspring inherits the desired traits.

Once selecting the parent plants, you cross-pollinate them to create a new strain. After the plants get pollinated, monitor the growth of the new strain. That way, you ensure it produces the desired traits. This may include watching the flowering time, the size of the plant, the trichome development, and the aroma and flavor of the buds. Once confirming the traits, you can begin cultivating the new strain. Then you can grow this however you see fit and watch your unique strain come to life. To get better results with your new strain in order to get a good size sample to try out, you can use flowering nutrients within your regular growing environment to improve the yield of buds that grow on each plant.

Cannabis breeding and cultivation can be a complex and lengthy process. But the result can be incredibly rewarding. With the proper knowledge, you can create unique strains.

Cannabis Breeding Terms

Cannabis breeding is a complex process of selecting and mating two cannabis plants. The goal is to create offspring with improved qualities. 

We will cover a few of these more in-depth next, but for now, here’s a brief explanation:

Crossbreeding is the most common method of breeding cannabis. It involves combining two different cannabis plants to create a new, unique strain. 

Backcrossing is another form of breeding. It involves self-pollination and crossing a cannabis strain with itself or a close relative to amplify a desired trait. 

Hybridization combines two or more strains to create a new one with the best qualities of each parent. 

Selective breeding is the process of choosing particular plants to breed together based on their traits.

Inbreeding is the process of breeding plants from the same genetic line. The breeding stabilizes the traits of the offspring and reduces the risk of unwanted characteristics. 

Each of these breeding methods has its own benefits. Breeders enjoy using them to create new cannabis strains with unique characteristics.

Offspring with Desired Traits


Cannabis strains are bred and cultivated through the careful selection of phenotypes. Phenotypes are the physical characteristics of the cannabis plant. Features include the plant’s size, shape, leaf color, and flower structure. You use them to identify the strain and how it was bred. And you use it to determine its potency, aroma, flavor, and yield.

Breeders use phenotypes to create new and improved strains of cannabis. By crossbreeding two different strains, you can create a variety of phenotypes. These phenotypes produce flowers with higher THC content. Plus, they can have various aromas and flavors.


One of the most popular techniques is backcrossing. Backcrossing allows you to recreate a particular phenotype by taking a plant from the strain and crossing it with its own parent strain. By doing this, you focus on a specific trait or phenotype. As a result, you make a more consistent strain than if the parent and the offspring were crossed without backcrossing.

Backcrossing can also be used to introduce a new trait from one strain into another. This is done by crossing the offspring of a particular strain with its parent strain. You can also do it by introducing the new trait from the parent strain into the offspring. By doing this, you create a strain that is consistent across multiple generations. This process stabilizes a strain, making it more reliable throughout its life cycle.

How to Breed Cannabis Plants

Cannabis has been cultivated and bred for millennia. Today, the process is just as much an art as a science. To understand how cannabis strains get bred and cultivated, learn the basics. You should learn about cloning and breeding. Plus, you should know the differences between male and female cannabis plants.

Identify the Traits of Each Strain

You should also learn how to identify the traits of each strain. Once you identify the strains, select the best mother and father plants for breeding. You must take care to isolate the plants from cross-pollination. Otherwise, it can lead to undesirable traits in the offspring. You can isolate them through physical barriers. Or, you can place the plants in separate grow rooms with filtered air.

Monitor the Environment

Once the plants have been isolated, you must monitor the environment closely. That way, you ensure the plants stay healthy and get properly pollinated. Keeping an eye on everything includes controlling the temperature, humidity, and light levels. Plus, you must provide adequate nutrition and water. Once the plants begin to flower, it’s time to harvest the seeds.

Test the Seeds

Finally, you must test the resulting seeds. This ensures the desired traits are present in the offspring. You can do this by observing the plants as they grow. Then, with the right skills, you can create cannabis strains tailored to their desired tastes.

How New Strains Get Named

You have most likely been to a dispensary either in person or online at the likes of west coast cannabis and wondered why the different strains are named what they are. Over the years, breeders have developed countless new strains. Breeders name strains of cannabis after their origin, characteristics, or breeders. To create new strains, they use various techniques. For example, they use cross-breeding and mutating existing plants. Breeding new strains of cannabis often involves combining specific genetic traits from two or more strains. This process of breeding plants to produce a new strain is called hybridization.

After the strain is developed, the breeder will give it a unique name. The name distinguishes it from other strains. Some breeders undergo a long “beta testing” of new strains with different growers and dispensaries. They do this before officially releasing it to the public. This allows them to ensure their strain is of the highest quality before making it public.

The process of breeding and cultivating cannabis strains is a long and complex one. It requires a great deal of knowledge, skill, and patience. From selecting the right genetics to testing the strain for quality, breeders must be meticulous. The result is a unique strain that offers consumers a variety of effects and flavors.

Advanced Cannabis Breeding

Cannabis breeding has come a long way in recent years. Now, advanced breeding programs are taking center stage. Advanced breeding programs involve the use of detailed genetic mapping and selection processes, whether that’s determining which is better dry ice hash vs bubble hash or the simpler strains, it is advancing very quickly. Through this process, experienced breeders select desired traits. Then, by crossing existing strains, they create hybrids with distinct characteristics.

Breeders can also use advanced breeding programs to isolate specific compounds. For example, THC, CBD, and terpenes are for targeted medicinal and recreational effects. Their goal is to produce particular strains with maximum potency and flavor. Plus, breeders can create strains tailored to the needs of their customers.


Cannabis strains are bred and cultivated to create various effects, flavors, and attributes. Growers use techniques like selective breeding, cloning, and hybridization. By carefully selecting and combining the right genetics, you can create the perfect strain. First, work on accruing the proper knowledge and careful cultivation. Then, you can breed cannabis to produce an array of beneficial effects, flavors, and aromas.

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